A few older buildings survive in downtown Cincinnati that boast free-standing sculpture as part of their original architectural design. This female figure adorns the former headquarters of the German Mutual Fire Insurance Company, founded by Heinrich A. Ratterman. The sculpture originally symbolized the spirit of Germany standing watch over the country's culture. Following the anti-German sentiment of World War I, the figure's name was changed to Columbia, the spirit of America, and "E Pluribus Unum" was added to her robe. The north face of the building features another sculpture by Fettweis. Apollo, Greek god of the sun, music and poetry, is shown driving his chariot to announce the dawn.
Created by Leopold Fettweis in 1877
1200 Walnut St.